In this article, we’ll be looking specifically at the various types of lesson plans.
A lesson plan is a guide for teachers to help them effectively carry out a lesson to meet its objectives. It’s a step-by-step guide for teachers and student teachers when carrying out a lesson.
A lesson plan is an important tool for ensuring that learning objectives are achieved and that the material is presented in a logical and organized manner. It helps the teacher stay determined and on track, and it helps the learners understand what they are expected to learn and how they will be assessed.
What are the Types of Lesson Plan
There are two major types of lesson plans. They include the Step Lesson Plan and the Tabular Lesson Plan.
1. Step Lesson Plan
A stepwise lesson plan is a detailed plan that outlines the steps or stages of a lesson. It is a useful tool for teachers to organize and structure their lessons in a logical and effective way.
Below is a simple outline for a Step Lesson Plan:
- Introduction: This is the first stage of the lesson, where the teacher introduces the topic and provides any necessary background information. The introduction should also clearly state the learning objectives for the lesson.
- Warm-up: This is known as a short activity or exercise that helps students get engaged and ready to learn. The warm-up could be related to the topic of the lesson and can be a game, an interactive session, or a quick review of previous material.
- Presentation: This is the main part of the lesson, where the teacher presents new information or concepts to the learners. The presentation can involve lectures, demonstrations, the use of videos, or other types of multimedia.
- Practice: This is the time for students to apply what they have learned through activities or exercises. Practice can include individual or group work, problem-solving tasks, or hands-on activities.
- Review: This involves a brief summary of the main points of the lesson. The review can be a discussion, a quiz, or a written summary.
- Conclusion: This is the final stage of the lesson, where the teacher reviews the learning objectives and highlights the key takeaways from the lesson. The conclusion can also include a preview of the next lesson, classwork, or assignment.
The Step Lesson Plan is just one type of step lesson plan, and the specific steps and activities may be different depending on the school, subject, and the needs of the learners.
|Number of Students In Class:|
|Behavioral Objectives: |
|Step 1: |
2. Tabular Lesson Plan
A tabular lesson plan is a type of lesson plan that is organized in a table or chart format. It typically includes the following elements:
- Subject or topic of the lesson
- Objectives or learning outcomes for the lesson
- Materials or resources needed for the lesson
- Anticipated problems or challenges and how to address them
- Teaching strategies or methods to be used
- Assessments or evaluations to be conducted
- Time allocation for each activity or task
NUMBER OF LEARNERS IN ATTENDANCE:
|STAGE/STEP TIME||TEACHER’S ACTIVITY||LEARNERS ACTIVITY||LEARNING POINTS|
A tabular lesson plan allows the teacher to clearly and concisely organize and plan out the various components of the lesson, making it easier to follow and implement. It can also be helpful for tracking progress and making adjustments as needed.
However, the advantage the tabular format has over step is that it captures all the activities both teacher and students are expected to perform in the lesson and conceptualizes all the instructional approaches, including procedures, techniques, and strategies, among others.
Types of Lesson Plans In Nigeria
Below are the lesson plans currently used in Nursery, Primary and Secondary Schools in Nigeria. Some of the lesson plan formats, such as the TKT Lesson Plan Format, are old, and only a few schools still use them. The modern lesson plan, currently being adopted by many schools, is the SMASE ASEI PDSI lesson plan.
1. ESSPIN Lesson Plan Format
ESSPIN, which stands for “Evaluating Student Skills and Progress in Information and Communication Technology,” is a method of assessing and evaluating the progress of students in the field of ICT. A lesson plan in the ESSPIN format typically includes the following elements:
- Title: This is a brief, descriptive title that summarizes the main focus of the lesson.
- Objectives: These are specific and measurable goals that the lesson aims to achieve, and they should align with the overall behavioral objectives of the lesson.
- Materials: This is a list of any instructional materials or teaching aids that will be needed for the lesson.
- Introduction: The introduction stage is a brief overview of the main topic of the lesson, which may include any background information that students need to know.
- Procedure: The procedure details a detailed step-by-step plan for delivering the lesson. This includes any activities, demonstrations, etc.
- Evaluation: The evaluation is a plan for assessing or evaluating student learning and progress through such means as exams, projects, tests, and assignment quizzes.
- Conclusion: In conclusion, the teacher summarizes the main points covered in the lesson and may also use the opportunity to tell the students the topic for the next class and urge them to read ahead.
2. SMASE ASEI or ASEI PDSI Lesson Plan Format
The ASEI Lesson Plan is regarded as the best and most effective lesson plan format for teachers at both Primary and Secondary School levels.
The ASEI lesson plan, which is the current government-approved lesson plan, can be utilized for almost all subjects in Nigeria.
ASEI, an acronym for Activities, Students, Experiments and Improvisation is a key word in the SMASE project for lesson innovation. ASEI lessons are made possible through PDSI practice (Plan, Do, See, Improve).
The ASEI lesson plan is regarded as the best because it’s not only teacher-centered but student-centered. This lesson plan carries the students along during the lesson. It engages the students by making them fully participate in the teaching and learning process. The teacher is seen as a facilitator.
Here are some other advantages of the ASEI lesson plan:
- It helps the students develop critical thinking skills.
- Learning objectives are geared towards the main
- This type of lesson plan incorporates all learners’ learning styles.
- The students are trained to be team players when the ASEI lesson plan is utilized.
- It also cuts across the three learning domains.
3. UNESCO Lesson Plan Format
UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has a developed and standard lesson plan format that is used by educators around the world. This lesson plan format is designed to be adaptable to a wide range of teaching contexts and can be used for both face-to-face and online teaching.
The basic structure of a UNESCO lesson plan contains the following:
4. TKT Lesson Plan Format
This is one of the types of lesson plans in Nigeria. The TKT (Teaching Knowledge Test) is a language teaching qualification offered by Cambridge Assessment English. It’s one of the oldest lesson plan formats in Nigeria.
Here are some basic structure of a TKT lesson plan:
- Anticipated problems and solutions
- Teaching and learning activities
ESL Lesson Plan Format
An ESL (English as a Second Language) lesson plan is a plan originally designed for teaching English to non-native speakers. Here are some of the steps you can follow to create an effective lesson plan:
- Identify your goals
- Choose your materials
- Create an outline
- Plan for assessment
- Consider the needs of your students
- Plan for interaction
- Be flexible
I hope this helps. If you have any questions, kindly drop them in the commentssection below.
Title: Types of Lesson Plans
Written By: Students Mirror Educators