In this article, we’ll be looking at the various Teaching Methods and Strategies for educators.
What Are Teaching Methods
Teaching methods refer to the various strategies that teachers use to help students learn and retain knowledge.
Teachers have a crucial role to play in implementing the school’s curriculum objectives. Teachers are responsible for aiding the learners by providing adequate learning strategies. It’s crucial for teachers to know that there is no prototype instructional method in any learning situation. No single method is regarded as appropriate in all situations and in all school subject areas. There are various good ways, some content materials can be learned. If the teacher notices that the learners aren’t responding to the methods used initially, he or she needs to try out other strategies to determine the most appropriate strategies to reach the objectives of the lesson.
Experience has revealed that the most effective teaching involves the employment of several methods or strategies during a single lesson.
There are various types of activities teachers can actually initiate in a classroom: the nature of the subject, the objectives of determining what activities are appropriate in a given situation It has also been known that teachers sometimes don’t employ the appropriate teaching method for a given lesson or period. Instructional methods of diverse nature can be employed in the teaching and learning process in any country, with particular reference to the post-primary level.
Why Teachers Should Use Best Teaching Method
It’s important for teachers to know the best method of teaching for a particular topic or lesson. In this section, we’ll be looking at several reasons why teachers should use the best method for teaching:
1. Improved learning outcomes
Using effective teaching methods can lead to better student understanding and retention of information.
2. Increased student engagement
Effective teaching methods can keep students interested and motivated to learn, leading to increased participation and engagement in the classroom.
3. Greater efficiency
Using the best method for teaching can save time and resources, as it allows teachers to cover material more effectively and efficiently.
4. Better classroom management
Using effective teaching methods can help teachers manage their classrooms more effectively, as students are more engaged and on task.
5. Enhanced reputation
Teachers who use effective teaching methods may be viewed as more competent and successful by their colleagues, administrators, and parents.
Overall, using the best method for teaching can lead to a more positive and productive learning environment for both teachers and students.
However, there are many different teaching methods that can be effective for students, and the best method for a particular student may depend on a variety of factors, including the student’s age, learning style, and the subject being taught. In the following section, we’ll be looking at some common teaching methods.
Different Methods of Teaching
There are many different methods of teaching, and the most effective method often depends on the subject matter, the learners, and the goals of the instruction. Some common methods of teaching include:
1. Individual Method
The individual method of teaching, also known as one-to-one or one-on-one teaching, involves providing instruction to a single student rather than a group. This method can be effective in a variety of situations, such as when a student needs extra support to catch up with their peers, has a specific learning disability, or is working on a highly specialized subject. The teacher makes sure that he or she attends to the learner on a person-to-person basis without interference from the rest of the class.
Benefits of individual method of teaching
I. Customized instruction
The teacher can tailor the instruction to the specific needs and learning style of the student, rather than trying to accommodate a diverse group of learners.
II. Immediate feedback
The teacher can provide immediate feedback and support to the student, helping them to understand and retain new information more effectively.
III. Increased motivation
Some students may be more motivated to learn when they have the undivided attention of the teacher and are not competing with other students for attention.
IV. Greater flexibility
The teacher has the flexibility to adjust the pace of instruction and the level of difficulty to match the student’s needs and abilities.
This type of teaching is necessary because it helps the child build self-respect and self-esteem and also serves as a means of helping gifted or retarded students.
However, the individual method of teaching can also be more time-consuming and expensive than teaching a group, as the teacher must devote one-on-one time to each student. It is important to carefully consider whether the individual method is the most appropriate approach for a particular student or subject matter.
2. Lecture Method
The lecture method of teaching is a traditional approach in which a teacher or instructor presents information to a group of students, typically in a classroom setting. In a lecture, the teacher speaks while the students listen and take notes. The teacher may use visual aids such as slides, videos, or handouts to supplement the lecture, but the primary focus is on the spoken word.
One advantage of the lecture method is that it allows the teacher to cover a large amount of material in a relatively short amount of time. It is also relatively easy for the teacher to organize and deliver the content, as it is presented in a structured, linear manner.
However, the lecture method can be less effective for some students, particularly those who learn best through hands-on, interactive experiences. It can also be difficult for students to stay engaged and motivated when sitting and listening for extended periods of time. To address these challenges, some teachers incorporate interactive elements into their lectures, such as group discussions or breakout sessions, to keep students engaged and encourage active learning.
3. Discussion Method
The discussion method of teaching is a teaching approach that involves actively engaging students in the learning process through dialogue and discussion. This approach is based on the belief that learning is a social process and that students learn best when they are actively involved in the learning process.
In a discussion-based class, the teacher serves as a facilitator rather than a lecturer, and encourages students to ask questions, share their ideas and experiences, and engage in critical thinking and problem-solving. The teacher may also provide prompts or questions to stimulate discussion and guide the conversation towards certain learning objectives.
Advantages of the discussion method
- Encouraging critical thinking and problem-solving skills
- Developing communication and collaboration skills
- Promoting a deeper understanding of the material
- Allowing students to express their own ideas and perspectives
- Providing opportunities for students to practice speaking and listening skills
To effectively use the discussion method, it is important for the teacher to create a safe and inclusive learning environment where all students feel comfortable participating. It is also important for the teacher to set clear expectations and guidelines for the discussion, and to actively listen to and respond to student contributions.
4. Questions and Answers Method
The questioning and answering method of teaching is a technique that involves the teacher asking questions to stimulate critical thinking and encourage students to engage with the material being taught. This method can be effective in promoting active learning and helping students develop their problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
Types of questions that teachers can use with this method:
I. Open-ended questions
These are questions that do not have a specific answer and require students to think critically and provide their own responses. These types of questions can help students develop their own ideas and perspectives on a topic.
II. Closed-ended questions
These are questions that have a specific answer and are used to test students’ knowledge or recall of information.
III. Leading questions
These are questions that guide students toward a specific answer or conclusion. They can be used to help students make connections between different concepts or to introduce a new topic.
IV. Probing questions
These are questions that are used to encourage students to think more deeply about a topic or to explore a concept in more detail.
It is important for teachers to use a balance of open-ended and closed-ended questions and to ask questions at different levels of difficulty to challenge students and promote deeper learning. The questioning and answering method can be used in a variety of teaching contexts, including lectures, discussions, and group work.
5. The Play-Way Method
The play-way method of teaching is an approach to education that emphasizes the use of play and exploration as a means of learning. This method is based on the idea that children learn best through hands-on, experiential activities and that play is a natural and enjoyable way for children to learn and develop new skills.
In the play-way method, teachers provide children with a variety of materials and resources, such as toys, games, puzzles, and art supplies, and allow them to explore and play with these materials in a self-directed manner. The teacher may also facilitate learning through activities such as storytelling, role-playing, and singing.
The play-way method is typically used in early childhood education and is intended to support the development of cognitive, physical, social, and emotional skills in young children. It is believed to be an effective way to engage children in learning and foster their natural curiosity and creativity.
6. Group Project Method
Group projects can be a useful method of teaching in a variety of educational settings, including schools, universities, and professional development programs. In a group project, students work together in a team to complete a task or project. This approach to teaching can be effective for several reasons:
- It promotes collaboration and communication skills
Working in a group requires students to communicate effectively with their peers and to collaborate on the project. This can help them develop important social and communication skills that are valuable in a variety of settings.
- It allows for diverse perspectives
Group projects can bring together students with different backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives, which can enrich the learning experience and result in more well-rounded solutions to problems.
- It can increase motivation and engagement
Working on a project with a team can be more engaging and motivating than working on an individual task. Students may feel a sense of ownership and responsibility for the project, which can lead to greater effort and engagement.
- It can build teamwork and leadership skills
Group projects can also provide opportunities for students to develop teamwork and leadership skills, as they may be required to delegate tasks, make decisions as a team, and work together to achieve a common goal.
7. Demonstration Method
The demonstration method of teaching is a type of instructional approach in which the teacher or instructor demonstrates a skill or concept to the students, and then the students practice the skill or apply the concept on their own. This approach is often used in hands-on, experiential learning situations, such as in science or technology classes, or in workshops and training sessions.
Benefits demonstration method in teaching
- It allows students to observe and learn from a skilled practitioner
By demonstrating a skill or concept, the teacher can provide a clear and concise example for the students to follow. This can be particularly useful for visual learners, who may find it easier to understand something by seeing it demonstrated.
- It can be an efficient way to introduce new material
The demonstration method can be an effective way to introduce new material, as it allows the teacher to cover a lot of information in a short amount of time.
- It can facilitate active learning
By providing opportunities for students to practice and apply what they have learned, the demonstration method can encourage active learning, rather than just passive observation.
- It can be engaging and interactive
Demonstrations can be interactive and engaging, as they often involve hands-on activities or interactive components, such as questions and discussions
Storytelling can be an effective method of teaching in a variety of educational settings, as it can engage and motivate students, and facilitate learning in a way that is enjoyable and memorable. In the storytelling method of teaching, the teacher or instructor uses stories, anecdotes, or narratives to convey information or lessons to the students. This approach can be particularly effective for younger students, as it can help them develop their language and literacy skills, and foster a love of reading and learning.
Benefits of storytelling as a teaching method
- It can engage and motivate students
Stories are often more engaging and interesting than other forms of instruction, and can help to capture the attention and imagination of students.
- It can facilitate learning
Stories can be a powerful way to convey information and lessons, as they can help to make abstract concepts more concrete and relatable.
- It can promote critical thinking and analysis
By asking questions and encouraging students to reflect on the stories they hear, teachers can help students develop critical thinking and analysis skills.
- It can foster creativity and imagination
Storytelling can also encourage creativity and imagination, as students may be asked to create their own stories
COMPLIED BY: Students Mirror Educators