In this article, we’ll look at the lesson plan format for secondary schools in Nigeria as well as some of the basic components of a lesson plan and why it’s necessary to plan your lesson as a teacher before going to the class to teach.
If you are a teacher, an aspiring teacher, or even a student-teacher who is intentional about knowing the best and modernized lesson plan format for secondary schools in Nigeria, then look no further, because this article covers everything you may be looking for.
Before we go into looking at the lesson plan format for secondary schools in Nigeria, we’ll first define what is a lesson plan and give reasons why a teacher should have a lesson plan.
What Is A Lesson Plan And Why Is It Important
According to the Illinois State Board of Education, “a lesson plan is a teacher’s detailed description of the course of instruction or “learning trajectory” for a lesson.”
The Oxford University Press states that a lesson plan is a written description of a lesson that is being taught. It outlines the objectives, materials, and activities that will be used in the lesson, as well as the assessment methods that will be used to evaluate student learning.
However, according to the above definition, a lesson plan can be summed up as a detailed plan or outline that provides a structure for a lesson. It is a guide for a teacher to follow when teaching a lesson, and it typically includes objectives, materials, and activities that are aligned with the curriculum.
A planned lesson serves as a guide for teachers to assist them in the orderly presentation of a lesson to the students in a bid to facilitate learning. Teachers make the plan for teaching a given lesson from the scheme of work provided by the school. Just as the scheme of work is a breakdown of the syllabus, so the lesson plan is a breakdown of the scheme of work into daily lessons, planned by the teacher.
In the lesson plan, teachers explain the step-by-step procedures that they’ll follow in presenting the lesson to their students. Lesson plans usually consist of classroom activities expected of the students and teachers during the lesson period. It’s important to know that a lesson plan is different from a curriculum, a scheme of work, and a syllabus.
Components of a Lesson Plan for Secondary Schools in Nigeria
A good lesson plan is a detailed step-by-step plan that outlines the goals, objectives, and methods of a lesson. It is a guide that helps teachers stay organized and focused while teaching and ensures that they are able to effectively transmit the intended knowledge and skills to their students.
While different teachers have their own management styles, having a lesson plan template is very valuable as it makes you think through each step, prepare before presenting to your students, and understand what learning objectives would lead to ultimate learning.
A good lesson plan for secondary schools in Nigeria should include the following components:
The date is an important element of a lesson plan, as it helps to ensure that the plan is followed in the correct sequence and allows for effective planning and organization.
In a lesson plan, the term “class” refers to a group of students who are taught together. When writing a lesson plan, it is important to clearly specify which class the lesson is meant for. For example, if you’ll be teaching Primary 3 that lesson, you should simply indicate it by writing “Primary 3.”
The subject in a lesson plan is the main idea that the lesson is focusing on. It is the content that the lesson is teaching, such as Math, Science, or English. At school, each lesson usually covers only one subject.
A “topic” in a lesson plan is a more specific aspect of the subject that the lesson is focusing on. For example, if the subject of the lesson is math, the topic might be “addition with regrouping” or “solving linear equations.” The topic is what the lesson will cover in more detail.
A subtopic is a specific topic or theme that is a part of a larger topic or subject. In a lesson plan, a subtopic can be used to provide more detailed information or to focus on a specific aspect of the main topic. Sub-topics can help break up a lesson and make it more manageable and easier to understand. They can also help to make the lesson more engaging by providing a variety of information and activities for students.
This is the time allocated for a particular lesson. In a lesson plan, time can be listed in terms of the duration of the lesson, such as “10:30–11:30.” A good teacher should be able to properly utilize his or her period. It’s important to stick to the time allocated to the lesson. Plan your lesson activities to suit the time.
Duration refers to the length of time that an activity or learning process is expected to take. In a lesson plan, duration is typically listed in terms of the amount of time that will be dedicated to each activity or task. For example, a teacher may write down the duration of the activity as “20 minutes” or “45 minutes,” indicating how much time will be devoted to that lesson. It could be the duration of a single or double period, depending on the time allocated to the lesson by the school.
In a lesson plan, the period(s) during which the lesson will be taught should be clearly stated. This can help ensure that the lesson is scheduled appropriately and that there is enough time allocated for all of the planned activities.
This is the gender status of the class for the planned lesson. If the lesson is to be taught to a class with both male and female students, then it should be stated as “mixed.”
10. Average Age
This refers to the average age of the students who will be participating in the lesson. The average age is the sum of a set of ages divided by the number of students in the class.
11. Number in Class
This is the total number of students that the lesson is being planned for. If the total number of students is 39, then it should be stated on your lesson plan.
12. Instructional Material
Instructional materials are known as resources or tools that an educator uses to support and enhance students’ learning in the classroom. These instructional materials could include a wide range of items, such as worksheets, textbooks, handouts, multimedia resources, and charts, among others.
It’s very important when creating a lesson plan to carefully consider the instructional materials that will be used in the lesson and how they will support the learning objectives and activities. For example, if the lesson focuses on a specific topic, such as the packaging of farm products, a teacher might provide materials such as empty bottles, tin cans, bags, cardboard boxes, etc. used for packaging agricultural produce. Kindly note that textbooks aren’t instructional materials except for subjects like English Language, Mathematics, Literature-In-English in English, etc.
13. Behavioural Objectives
The behavioral objectives, learning outcomes, or objectives are specific, measurable goals that a teacher sets for students to achieve during a lesson or unit of study. They describe the specific actions or behaviors that students should be able to demonstrate by the end of the lesson, and they are typically written in terms of what students will be able to do rather than what they will know or understand.
When writing a lesson plan, it is important to consider what level of Bloom’s Taxonomy you want your students to reach by the end of the lesson.
According to Bloom (1956), the objectives have been classified into three domains, namely, cognitive, affective, and psychomotor.
- Cognitive Domain (Mental Process): This deals with knowledge, comprehensiveness, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. For example, list, mention, define, state, outline, etc.
- Affective domain (Values): This deals with the interests, feelings, and attitudes of students. e.g., assess, appreciate, etc.
- Psychomotor Domain (Skills): This deals with imitating and manipulating skills, e.g., to draw, paint, point, construct, dismantle, etc. These domains will give the teacher an idea of areas to look for changes in his/her students.
However, in most cases, the stated objectives should contain at least two of the three domains, depending on the content.
The behavioral objective for a lesson can be written as follows:
“By the end of the lesson, the students should be able to: 1. Define…, 2. Mention…, 3. Sketch…,”
Do not use “say, know, or understand,” as they are open to many interpretations and could be difficult to evaluate.
The objectives should also be specific so that they can be achieved in a lesson. The teacher should state exactly the number of responses he or she wants the students to give. For example, “List three (3) types of transportation.”
However, we’ll stop at Behavioral Objectives. The components of the modern lesson plan which is the ASEI Lesson Plan, is more than that. There are set induction, entry behavior, evaluation, students’ and teacher’s activities, etc. If you want to know the full components of a lesson plan, I would recommend Uchenna’s Basic Components of a Lesson Plan: Morden Lesson Plan Format For Primary Schools in Nigeria. This book covers all the necessary things you may need to know about a lesson plan and how to construct one using the government-approved ASEI Lesson Plan format which is already in use in various schools in Nigeria. Most of the ideas contained in this article are taken from the book.
The book, Basic Components of a Lesson Plan: Modern Lesson Plan Format for Primary and Secondary Schools in Nigeria by Sir Israel Uchenna, is for teachers, school owners, and student-teachers. The first three chapters cover all the basic components and format of a modern lesson plan. It defines a lesson plan and guides you on how to write one. The fourth chapter enumerates the advantages and disadvantages, or limitations, of a lesson plan.
If you’re an educator or aspiring teacher who is intentional about knowing how to write a lesson plan using the modern template, then this book is for you. You can buy a soft copy of this book for as low as N2,000 (two thousand naira only). Use this link here. For more enquiry on how to get this lesson plan manual for teachers, contact the publisher on WhatsApp via 08124190164.
Format of a Lesson Plan for Secondary Schools in Nigeria
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Basic Components of a Lesson Plan: Modern Lesson Plan Format For Primary and Secondary Schools In Nigeria, by Sir Israel Uchenna