How To Write an Application Letter In Nigeria

In Nigeria’s competitive job market, a well-crafted application letter holds immense significance as it introduces job seekers to potential employers and showcases their qualifications. Also known as a cover letter, this formal document serves as a first impression, providing an overview of the applicant’s skills, experiences, and suitability for the desired position. This article serves as a comprehensive guide to writing an effective application letter in Nigeria, offering a sample letter, highlighting its importance, and outlining the essential steps for crafting a compelling introduction that can make a lasting impact on hiring managers.

What is an Application Letter 

An application letter is a formal letter written for various purposes in our daily lives, whether in personal or professional contexts. It is a responsibility taken by the sender to communicate and provide information to an authoritative receiver regarding ongoing or upcoming activities, events, processes, or procedures. Additionally, it serves as a written request for assistance, admission, employment, favor, information, permission, service, and more. In certain cases, an application letter may serve as an accompanying document known as a cover letter. It adheres to a predefined format applicable to most types of application letters, emphasizing its formal nature.

Overview of the Application Letter Writing Process in Nigeria

Writing an application letter in Nigeria follows a general format and structure. Here are the key steps to help you write an effective application letter:

  • Heading

Start by writing your contact information at the top of the letter, including your full name, address, phone number, and email address. Below that, include the date of writing the letter.

  • Recipient’s Information

Next, provide the recipient’s information, including the name, position, company name, and address. If you don’t have a specific person’s name, you can address it to the relevant department or use a generic salutation such as “Dear Hiring Manager.”

  • Salutation

Begin the letter with a formal salutation, such as “Dear Sir/Madam” or “Dear Hiring Manager.”

  • Introduction

In the opening paragraph, introduce yourself and state the purpose of your letter. Mention the position you are applying for and how you learned about the job opportunity. You can also briefly mention your qualifications or any personal connection you have with the company or the person you are addressing.

  • Body paragraphs

Use the next one or two paragraphs to highlight your skills, experiences, and qualifications that make you a suitable candidate for the position. Provide specific examples of how your skills match the job requirements. Emphasize your achievements and accomplishments that are relevant to the role. Avoid simply restating your resume; instead, focus on providing additional information and explaining why you are the right fit for the job.

  • Closing paragraph

In the final paragraph, express your interest and enthusiasm for the position. Mention that you would appreciate the opportunity for an interview to discuss your application further. You can also state your availability for an interview and provide your contact details again.

  • Closing

End the letter with a formal closing, such as “Yours faithfully” or “Yours sincerely.” Then, leave a space for your signature and type your full name below.

  • Enclosures

If you are including any additional documents, such as your resume, certificates, or references, mention them at the bottom of the letter by writing “Enclosure” or “Attachments” followed by a list of the documents.

  • Proofread

Before sending your application letter, carefully proofread it for any grammatical or spelling errors. Make sure the letter is concise, professional, and free of any typos.

  • Format

Format your letter in a professional and readable manner. Use a standard font, such as Times New Roman or Arial, and keep the font size between 10 and 12 points. Use a formal tone throughout the letter.

Remember to tailor your application letter to the specific job you are applying for and highlight your most relevant qualifications and experiences. A well-written application letter can significantly increase your chances of getting an interview and ultimately landing the job you desire.


Here’s a sample of an application letter for a teacher applying for a teaching job. 

[Your Name]
[Your Address]
[City, State, ZIP Code]
[Phone Number]
[Email Address]

[Recipient’s Name]
[Recipient’s Position]
[School Name]
[School Address]
[City, State, ZIP Code]

Dear [Recipient’s Name],

I am writing to express my interest in the teaching position at [School Name], as advertised on [source of job advertisement]. With a strong passion for education and [X] years of experience in teaching, I believe I have the qualifications and skills necessary to contribute effectively to your esteemed institution.

I hold a [Degree] in [Subject/Field] from [University Name], where I graduated with honors. During my academic journey, I developed a deep understanding of pedagogical principles and instructional strategies that enable effective student engagement and learning. My coursework and practical experience have equipped me with a solid foundation in [relevant subjects/topics] and an ability to foster a positive and inclusive classroom environment.

Over the past [X] years, I have had the privilege of teaching at [Current/Previous School Name], where I have honed my skills in delivering high-quality instruction and fostering academic growth. I have successfully taught [Grade/Subject] and consistently received positive feedback from both students and colleagues. My teaching approach emphasizes student-centered learning, differentiated instruction, and the integration of technology to enhance student outcomes.

In addition to my teaching expertise, I have actively participated in extracurricular activities, such as [mention any relevant activities or responsibilities, e.g., coaching sports teams, organizing educational events, or supervising clubs]. These experiences have allowed me to develop strong interpersonal and leadership skills, fostering a holistic development approach among my students.

I am confident that my strong communication skills, patience, and ability to establish rapport with students and parents will contribute to a positive learning environment at [School Name]. I am dedicated to promoting student success, supporting individual needs, and fostering a love for learning.

I would welcome the opportunity to discuss how my qualifications align with the requirements of the teaching position at [School Name]. I am available for an interview at your convenience, and I am excited about the possibility of joining your esteemed institution and making a meaningful contribution to the education of [School Name] students.

Enclosed with this letter, you will find my resume, which provides further details about my educational background, teaching experience, and professional achievements.

Thank you for considering my application. I look forward to the opportunity to speak with you further and demonstrate my passion for teaching and commitment to excellence.

Yours sincerely,

[Your Full Name]

Importance of a Well-Written Application Letter

A well-written application letter holds significant importance in the job application process. Here are some key reasons why a well-crafted application letter is essential:

1.. First Impression: An application letter serves as your first introduction to a potential employer. It allows you to make a positive and memorable first impression. A well-written letter demonstrates your professionalism, attention to detail, and communication skills, which can set you apart from other applicants.

2. Showcasing Qualifications: The application letter provides an opportunity to highlight your relevant qualifications, skills, and experiences that make you a suitable candidate for the position. It allows you to go beyond the information provided in your resume and provide a more personalized and persuasive argument for why you are the right fit for the job.

3. Tailoring to the Position: A well-crafted application letter enables you to tailor your message specifically to the job you are applying for. You can address the employer’s needs and requirements directly, showcasing how your skills align with the position and how you can contribute to the company’s goals.

4. Demonstrating Interest and Enthusiasm: A thoughtfully written application letter allows you to express your genuine interest and enthusiasm for the job and the organization. It shows that you have done your research and are genuinely interested in the company’s mission, values, and culture. This can demonstrate your motivation and dedication to the role.

5. Attention to Detail: A well-written letter reflects your attention to detail and ability to communicate effectively. It showcases your ability to follow instructions, maintain a professional tone, and present information in a clear and organized manner. Employers value candidates who pay attention to details as it often translates to their work performance.

6. Setting You Apart: In a competitive job market, a well-crafted application letter can help you stand out from other applicants. It allows you to showcase your unique qualities, experiences, and achievements that make you a strong candidate. It gives you an opportunity to present yourself as more than just a list of qualifications and experiences.

7. Invitation for an Interview: The primary goal of an application letter is to secure an interview. A well-written letter that effectively communicates your qualifications and enthusiasm can increase your chances of being invited for an interview. It acts as a persuasive tool that convinces the employer to consider you as a potential candidate for the position.

In summary, a well-written application letter is crucial as it creates a positive first impression, showcases your qualifications, demonstrates your interest and enthusiasm, and sets you apart from other applicants. It is an opportunity to persuade the employer to invite you for an interview, which ultimately increases your chances of securing the job.

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