Definition of Education, Types, History, Overview

In this article, Students Mirror looks at the various definition of education, types, and an overview of the Nigerian educational system.

What is Education?

Education has so many definitions. In this article, we looked at the definitions of education by various renowned philosophers and authors. But before we look into that, let’s define education.

Education can be defined as the process of facilitating the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, beliefs, and habits as well as personal development.

Education can also be defined as a purposeful activity which is directed at achieving certain objectives, which include transferring knowledge, fostering skills, and character traits, among others.

Education initially began as the transmission of cultural heritage from one generation to another.

Definition of Education By Different Philosophers And Authors

1. What Is Education According To Socrates

Socrates defined education as the bringing out of the ideas of universal validity which are latent in the minds of every man.

2. Definition of Education by Plato

Plato defined education as a means of achieving justice—both individual and social justice. According to Plato, education was a life-long process and even adults could be trained and educated, thus creating a system in which even adults were trained.

3. Definition Of Education by Aristotle

Aristotle stated that education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body. He believes that the aim of education was the welfare of the individuals so as to bring happiness in their lives.

4. Definition Of Education By John Dewey’s

According to John Dewey, education entailed the continuous “reconstruction or reorganization of experience, which adds to the meaning of experience and which increases the ability to direct the course of subsequent experience.

5. Definition Of Education by Jean Jacques Rousseau

Education, according to Rousseau, is the process of guidance by the teacher, but it is not instruction by the teacher. He defines education as the art of teaching, which consists of making the pupil wish to learn. He implied that education is a process of development into an enjoyable, rational, harmoniously balanced, useful, and hence natural life.

6. Definition Of Education by Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel

Fröbel believes that education is growth from within. He defined education as the enfolding of what has already faltered in the germ. He stated that education is a process through which a child makes the internal-external.

7. Definition Of Education by Herman Harrell Horne

Herman Harrell Horne said that education is the means by which a social gathering proceeds with the presence to restore oneself and safeguard one’s thoughts. The definition of education, according to him, is the eternal process of superior adjustment of the physically and mentally developed, free, conscious, human being to God as manifested in the intellectual, emotional, and volitional environment of man.

8. Definition Of Education by A. R. Thompson

Education is the impact of the climate on the person with a view to delivering a lasting change in his propensities, the conduct of consideration, and mentality.

9. Definition Of Education by Sir Thomas Percy Nunn

In his statement, Nunn defined education as the complete development of the individuality of the child. He implied that education was the complete development of the youngster’s distinction in order for him to make a unique contribution to human existence to the best of his ability.

10. Definition Of Education by Indira Gandhi

He defined it thus: “Education is a liberating force, and in our age it is also a democratizing force, cutting across the barriers of caste and class, smoothing out inequalities imposed by birth and other circumstances.”

Meaning And Concept Of Education PDF

Download Meaning And Concept Of Education PDF file.

Types Of Education

There are different types of education. In this article, Students Mirror looks at the various types of education, which include formal, non-formal, and informal education.

What is Formal Education?

Formal education is a systematic and structured form of learning. Formal education is a type of learning that takes place in educational and training institutions or centres, which is usually structured by curricular aims and objectives, and learning is commonly guided by trained teachers.

What’s Non-formal Education?

According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, non-formal education refers to education that takes place outside the formal school system. Non-formal education also refers to a wide range of educational initiatives in the community, which cover home-based learning, government schemes, as well as community initiatives.

Non-formal education occurs as an addition or option to formal education. It could be structured according to educational arrangements but in a more flexible manner, and it usually occurs in society-based or community-based settings.

Meaning Of Informal Education

Informal education is a type of education that takes place in everyday life. Informal education covers a wide array of learning that all people take part in on a daily basis. It covers daily activities such as individual and personal research on a subject or interests for themselves by making use of libraries, the internet, books, informal trainers, and other resources. This type of education also involved learning things without the learner realising that he or she had learned them. This can be any kind of information that the learner picks up from watching television, listening to radio, or conversing with friends or colleagues.

Education in Nigeria Today.

Nigeria’s education is overseen by the Federal Ministry of Education. Nigeria’s educational system is divided into four parts.

  1. Kindergarten
  2. Primary education
  3. Secondary education
  4. Tertiary education.

Nigeria’s educational institutions are run by the private and public sectors. At the government-owned educational institution, the student only pays for PTA, while at the private school, students pay tuition fees and other requested fees, which include sports, computer fees, exam fees, and others, and they’re often expensive.

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