In this article, we’ll be looking at the list of 4-year science courses in Nigeria. If you’re a JAMB candidate who is also a science student and you want to know the list of science courses that have a duration of four years, then this article is for you. Read to the end.
While this article primarily focuses on listing the 4-year science courses in Nigeria, we’ll also discuss the O’level subject combinations required to study any science course in Nigeria, how to pursue a science course, and other essential information.
What are Science Courses?
Science courses are academic programs that involve the systematic study of the natural world and its physical, biological, and chemical phenomena, typically employing empirical observation, experimentation, and analysis to gain a better understanding of these phenomena.
O’level Subjects Requirement for Science Courses
To gain admission into a science course at a Nigerian tertiary institution, students must register specific subjects in their WAEC and NECO exams. The required subjects for science courses include Mathematics, English Language, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Civic Education, and Agriculture. Additionally, students need to choose between Yoruba, Igbo, or Hausa, and include a trade subject in their curriculum.
These prerequisites reflect the core foundation of knowledge needed for success in science-related fields. Mathematics and the sciences (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) are fundamental, ensuring a strong grasp of scientific principles and methods. English Language and Civic Education provide communication and societal understanding skills. Agriculture represents applied science, and choosing one of the three language options promotes cultural diversity and inclusivity. Including a trade subject broadens students’ skills and prepares them for real-world applications in various science disciplines.
4 Years Science Courses List In Nigeria (List)
In Nigeria, not all science courses have a four-year duration; some, like Pharmacy, Medicine and Surgery, extend beyond that timeframe. However, for those seeking four-year science courses, here is a list of such courses:
- Animal and Environmental Biology
- Applied Biochemistry
- Aquaculture and Fisheries Management
- Artificial intelligence
- Biological Science
- Building Technology
- Cell Biology and Genetics
- Chemical Science
- Computer Science
- Conservation Biology
- Cyber Security Science
- Data Management
- Environmental Biology
- Estate Management
- Environmental Health Science
- Environmental Management
- Environmental Science and Technology
- Forensic Science
- Fisheries and Aquatic Biology
- Food Science and Technology
- Genetics and Biotechnology
- Geology and Mining
- Industrial Chemistry
- Industrial Physics
- Information Science and Media Studies
- Library and Information Science
- Marine Biology
- Medical Laboratory Science
- Medical Laboratory Technology
- Molecular Biology
- Natural and Environmental Science
- Medical Rehabilitation
- Pure/Applied Biology
- Public Health Technology
- Quantity Surveying
- Software Development
- Textile Science/Technology
- Transport Management
- Urban and Regional Planning
- Water Resources Management
- Food and Nutrition
Why Do Students Choose to Study Science
Students choose to study science courses at the university for several reasons:
- Interest and Passion: Many students have a genuine interest and passion for science, finding it intellectually stimulating and exciting to explore the natural world.
- Career Opportunities: Science courses often lead to a wide range of career opportunities. Graduates can pursue careers in research, healthcare, technology, environmental science, and more.
- Problem Solving: Science courses teach critical thinking and problem-solving skills, which are valuable in many professions.
- Curiosity: Some students are naturally curious and want to satisfy their curiosity by studying complex scientific phenomena.
- Contribution to Society: Many students choose science because they see it as a way to contribute to society by advancing knowledge and solving real-world problems, such as addressing environmental issues or improving healthcare.
- Innovation: Science is at the forefront of innovation and technological advancement. Students who want to be part of these advancements may choose science courses.
- Personal Fulfillment: For some, studying science is a personally fulfilling endeavor, and they find joy in understanding the fundamental principles that govern the universe.
- Financial Incentives: Certain science fields, such as engineering and computer science, offer the potential for high earning potential, which can be a motivating factor for some students.
- Academic Challenge: Science courses are often academically challenging, and some students are drawn to the intellectual rigor and academic prestige associated with science programs.
- Global Relevance: Science has global relevance and transcends cultural and geographical boundaries, making it a field that can be studied and applied worldwide.
It’s important to note that individual motivations may vary, and students may choose science courses for a combination of these reasons or for entirely personal ones.
Steps To Study A Science Course in Nigeria
To study a science course in Nigeria, you will need to follow these steps:
- Choose a course and university: There are many different science courses available at universities across Nigeria, as you can see above. Do some research to find a course that you are interested in and that meets your career goals. Consider factors such as the university’s ranking, the cost of tuition, and the location of the campus.
- Meet the entry requirements: Each university will have its own entry requirements for science courses. These requirements may vary depending on the course and the university. However, most science courses will require you to have at least five credits in science subjects at the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) or the National Examination Council (NECO) Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE).
- Apply to the university: Once you have chosen a course and university, you will need to apply. The application process is done during your JAMB registration. You must either select the institution as your first or second choice or the science course you want to study.
- Accept your admission: If you sit for the JAMB exam as well as the university post-UTME or screening exercise and you reach the mark, you stand a high chance of being offered admission by the school. Once you’re offered admission, you will then need to accept the offer and pay your tuition fees, and other registration has to be done.
- Start your studies: Once you have accepted your offer and paid your tuition fees, you will be able to start your studies.
Studying a science course in Nigeria can be a rewarding experience. It can open up many different career opportunities in fields such as medicine, engineering, and research. By following the steps above, you can increase your chances of success.