Direct speech is when you quote someone’s words exactly as they were spoken. In the sentence “I asked my Biology teacher what I should do to save it,” the words “what I should do to save it” are not given in direct speech. To change the sentence to direct speech, it should be written as “What should I do to save it?” you asked your Biology teacher. This way, the words “what I should do to save it” are given in quotation marks and it is clear that these are the exact words that you spoke to your Biology teacher.
It’s important to note that direct speech can also include other elements such as the speaker’s tone or gestures, but in written form, it’s represented by quotation marks. This can be useful in a variety of contexts, such as in literature, journalism, or conversation, to convey the exact words spoken by a person, which can be important for accuracy or emphasis.
Another important aspect of direct speech is that it also includes the reporting verb, which is the verb used to indicate who said the words and when they were spoken. In this case, the reporting verb is “asked,” and it tells us that the speaker (you) asked the question to your Biology teacher. The reporting verb is important because it establishes the context in which the words were spoken and helps the reader understand who is speaking and when.
It’s also worth noting that when we change reported speech to direct speech, the tense, pronouns, and time expressions may change. For example, if we are reporting something that was said in the past, we will change the tense of the direct speech to match the time when it was said.
Overall, direct speech is a powerful tool for conveying exactly what was said, and it is important to use it correctly in order to communicate accurately and effectively.