Sample of Lesson Plan for Secondary Schools in Kenya

Sample of Lesson Plan for Secondary Schools in Kenya

In this article, we’ll be showing you a Sample of Lesson Plan for Secondary Schools in Kenya.

Before we proceed, it’s important to state that there are different types of lesson plans in Kenya. But in this article, we’ll be showing you a sample of the CBC lesson plan. This type of lesson plan is regarded as one of the best lesson plan formats in Kenya. Kenyan educators prefer the CBC lesson plan because it’s dynamic, it engages the learners, and it allows them to participate in the teaching and learning process.

Lesson Plan Format in Kenya

However, without much ado, let’s look at Sample of Lesson Plan for Secondary Schools in Kenya.

CBC Lesson Plan Sample

Table 1

Specific Learning Objectives:
Core Competencies:
Links to Other Subjects:
Key Inquiry Question:
Learning Resources:


Table 2

Basic Components of CBC Lesson Plan Explained

In this section, we’ll be explaining some of the components of this lesson plan, as shown in the format above.

1. Administrative Details: This is made up of the Title, Name of the school, Grade, Learning Area, Date, Time and Roll. These details should be presented in a tabular format, as shown in table 1.

2. Strand: A strand refers to a particular area or domain of learning that is covered in a lesson. This is also known as a topic.

3. Sub-strand: The sub-strand is also known as the subtopic of the lesson.

4. Specific Learning Outcomes: These are a set of clear and measurable objectives that define what students should know, understand, and be able to do at the end of a lesson, unit, or course. They describe the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that students are expected to acquire after completing the learning experience.

SLOs help teachers focus on the intended learning outcomes and guide their instruction, assessment, and evaluation practices. They provide a roadmap for designing and delivering effective lessons that align with the curriculum standards and meet the needs of diverse learners.

Examples of Specific Learning Outcomes in a lesson plan might include:

I. Students will be able to identify the main idea and supporting details in a text.

II. Students will be able to solve multi-step math problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

III. Students will be able to analyze primary sources and draw conclusions about historical events.

5. Key Inquiry Question: An Inquiry Question (KIQ) is a question that is designed to guide and focus a lesson or unit of study. It is an open-ended, thought-provoking question that encourages critical thinking and analysis. A KIQ typically requires students to think deeply about a topic or issue, to draw on prior knowledge and experiences, and to make connections to other areas of study.

In a lesson plan, the Key Inquiry Question is often used as a starting point for the lesson or unit and guides the teacher’s planning and instruction. The KIQ helps frame the lesson or unit around a central question or problem and helps students see the relevance and importance of the material being covered.

6. Core Competencies: Core competencies in a lesson plan refer to the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that students should develop or demonstrate as a result of engaging with the lesson content. These competencies go beyond specific content knowledge and are often transferable to other contexts.

When creating a lesson plan as a teacher, it’s important to identify the core competencies that are relevant to the learning objectives and incorporate them into the instructional design. By doing so, students are given opportunities to develop and practice these competencies.

7. Learning Resources: A Lesson Plan is a detailed outline of what a teacher or instructor intends to teach during a specific class or session. One important aspect of creating a lesson plan is identifying appropriate learning resources that will support the learning objectives of the lesson.

Learning resources can be any materials or tools that aid in the learning process, such as textbooks, worksheets, videos, interactive activities, simulations, or online resources. These resources should be carefully selected to ensure that they are relevant, engaging, and appropriate for the age, ability level, and learning style of the students.

8. Introduction: An introduction in the lesson plan is the first part of the teaching plan that sets the stage for the learning that will take place. It is the part where the teacher introduces the topic or theme of the lesson, provides an overview of the lesson objectives, and gives context to the students as to why they are learning what they are learning.

The introduction serves as a bridge between what the students already know and what they will learn in the lesson.

9. Lesson Development: Lesson Development is the core of a lesson plan and refers to the phase where the teacher outlines the actual teaching and learning activities that will take place. This part of the lesson plan contains the step-by-step plan for the teaching, learning, and assessment activities that will enable students to achieve the lesson objectives.

The lesson development phase should include time estimates for each activity, as well as any necessary instructions or guidelines for the students. It is important to ensure that the lesson activities are aligned with the lesson objectives and that they are designed to cater to the diverse learning needs of the students.

10. Extended Activity: This refers to an activity or task that is assigned to students to be completed at home or outside the classroom with the involvement and support of their parents or guardians. This type of activity is often designed to reinforce the concepts taught in class, promote independent learning, and encourage parental involvement in their child’s education.

Examples of extended activities/parental engagement could include reading assignments, research projects, journal writing, or discussion questions that students are asked to complete with the help of their parents or guardians. These activities may also involve a parent or guardian signing off on completed assignments, providing feedback, or participating in discussions related to the lesson. The goal is to promote active engagement between students, their families, and their teachers to support and enhance student learning.

11. Conclusion/Summary: This component refers to a brief overview or recap of the key points or concepts covered in the lesson. It serves as a way to summarize the main ideas and provide a sense of closure to the lesson. The conclusion or summary may include a restatement of the lesson’s objectives, a review of the important points covered, and a final message or takeaway for the learners. The purpose of the conclusion or summary is to help learners retain the information presented in the lesson and connect it to their existing knowledge and experiences.

11. Reflection of the Lesson: This is a component of a lesson plan that provides an opportunity for teachers to evaluate and reflect on the effectiveness of their instructional strategies and the learning outcomes of their students. It involves a deliberate and systematic review of the lesson’s objectives, activities, materials, and student performance to identify strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement.

Through the process of reflection, teachers can assess their teaching practices, make adjustments, and identify ways to improve future lessons. This component of the lesson plan encourages teachers to be reflective practitioners, continually learning and adapting to meet the needs of their students.

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